Part of #Child Bilingual Acquisition: A Case Study on Persian and English Acquisition of An Iranian Two Year Old# :
Publishing year : 2014
Conference : Second National Conference on Applied Research in English Language Studies
Number of pages : 12
Abstract: The purpose of this longitudinal case study is to analyze a Persian-English-speaking two-year-old girl named M. M in the language processes and speech patterns. Has been exposed to both languages simultaneously since she was born. Family composition played a huge role in the language the parents used with their child and the language the child chose to speak. Audio and video recordings, note-taking, and the participant / informal observer procedure were used to examine the types of Persian / English code-switching. The data was collected primarily from recordings of M's interaction with her mother and grandmother. The audio / videotapes were used to obtain the most accurate information on language acquisition and linguistic speech patterns. The audio / videotapes were transcribed to ensure accuracy before coding them for analysis. Transcription methods include transcribing all of the audio / videotapes of M's speech for word. Lexical switches including nouns, verbs, and adjectives were the most susceptible to code-switching. In addition, nouns and adjectives were code-switched more than verbs because of the simplicity of the Persian verb. M codeswitched according to the language abilities of the interlocutor. There was an association between M's code-switching and the topics of conversation. It was found that the proportion of intrasentential codewitching was used more than intersentential code-switching and that the lexical development tended to be more expressive than referential. A high aptitude to deal with unfamiliar words in both languages was detected. Negative transfer of Persian bounds to English nouns and verbs was also seen. This study is expected to support parents and teachers of bilingual children in understanding, assisting or facilitating language acquisition.