Part of #Sustainable Urban Development Urban Sprawl or Compact City# :
Publishing year : 2013
Conference : The First National Conference on Architecture, Restoration, Urbanism and Sustainable Environment
Number of pages : 22
Abstract: The rise of 'urban sprawl' as a primary form of urban development has come under increased criticism in recent years due to its negative environmental, social and economic effects. Sprawl development is now perceived as contributing to significant fiscal costs for infrastructure providers such as local government. The shape of the city is still a crucial aspect of its sustainability, and as urban sprawl negatively environmental, economic and social effects become increasingly visible through traffic congestion, social isolation and the continuous loss of important land on urban fringe, it becomes Clear that continuing this pattern of development into the future will be highly unsustainable. This paper will discuss the evolution of urban sprawl: how and why it has occurred; Why it is so unsustable but so popular; Before moving on to focus on the compact city concept. This is discussed in relation to differences between definitions of what exactly is "compact city" and how it varies through the literature related to the topic; Also, there will be an extended discussion about what makes a city (or part of a city) compact or not, and what the expected benefits are from increasing the urban environment's density. Method in this research, is comparative – analytic. The results show that, in response to this dire situation, literature in the early to the late 1990s proposed a blanket solution, which has been termed 'the compact city': a model of urban intensification that would (supposedly) reduce car trips, 'Save' the countryside from urban expansion, promote social equity, revive deserted downtown areas, and contribute to greater urban vitality and long-term sustainability.