Part of #Petroleum Leakage Contamination in Abadan Refinery: Determination of Depth and Area Extent# :
Publishing year : 2009
Conference : Second International Conference on Health, Safety and the Environment
Number of pages : 10
Abstract: A rapidly expanding chemical and petroleum industry has been responsible for great improvements in the quality of urban areas in Iran over the past 100 years. The Abadan Refinery is located between the Arvandrud and Bahmanshir rivers in the highly populated Abadan city. These rivers supplies urban, industrial, and agricultural waters to Abadan city. During the war between Iran and Iraq, the abadan refinery to the surrounding environment was leakage of enormous volumes of oil and refined petroleum products from storage tanks and pipelines. In this work, twenty boreholes were investigated by considering petroleum leakage to the surrounding area during and after the war. The geological conditions and petroleum contamination underlying the Abadan refinery were determined from the core during the drilling of the boreholes. The oil saturation of the cores was determined for each borehole. Also, the porosity and density of the cores were measured in this project. Water table fluctuations were measured for a period of one year to determine the patterns of underground water movement at the Abadan refinery and the connections with the surrounded rivers. The extent of the petroleum contaminated underground layers was determined in this study and the results show that most of the existing underground layers at Abadan Refinery was absorbed by masonry. The average depth of the contaminated underground layers is from the surface to the depth of 4.5 meters.