The Explanation of Free Will in Kant and Mulla Sadra’s Metaphysics

The Explanation of Free Will in Kant and Mulla Sadra’s Metaphysics

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Part of #The Explanation of Free Will in Kant and Mulla Sadra’s Metaphysics# :

Publishing year : 2015

Conference : The first international conference on innovation and research in the arts and humanities

Number of pages : 5

Abstract: The main problem in Kant's approach to free will is the separation between Phenomenon (determinate) from the Neumenon (indeterminate) sphere and, therefore, the impossibility of a satisfactory explanation of the relationship between them. Although in this explanation, human's free will is not involved in this determinism, but it is impossible for human being to know the area which that free will played a key role there. So, there are no knowledge of which we can progress in our decisions and acts. It seems that the main mistake with this approach is to forget metaphysical ontology and study human in minimal approach. In this paper, after a short speech about some defects of Kant's theory, I want to show a ontological justification of free will in Mulla Sadra's metaphysical approach. Moreover, I want to show this justification is compatible with the mechanical and teleological cause of the world. And knowledge of God.